Understanding and Communicating the Benefits of Mortgage Points to Buyers

Mortgage points, often referred to as discount points, are fees paid directly to the lender at closing in exchange for a reduced interest rate. This practice, commonly called “buying down the rate,” can be a significant advantage for homebuyers, offering long-term savings on mortgage payments. This guide equips sales staff with essential insights to help customers navigate and understand the potential benefits and considerations of purchasing mortgage points.

Understanding Mortgage Points

  1. What Are Mortgage Points? Mortgage points are prepaid interest that buyers can purchase to lower the interest rate of their mortgage. Each point typically costs 1% of the total loan amount and can reduce the interest rate by about 0.25%, though this varies by lender.
  2. Types of Points:
    • Discount Points: These are essentially prepaid interest that reduces the loan’s interest rate.
    • Origination Points: Fees paid to lenders or loan officers for their services, not directly reducing the interest rate.

Communicating the Benefits to Buyers

  1. Long-term Cost Savings:
    • Illustrate how paying for mortgage points reduces the monthly payment and total interest over the life of the loan.
    • Use examples based on different loan amounts and terms to demonstrate potential savings.
  2. Breakeven Analysis:
    • Explain how to calculate the breakeven point—the time it takes for the monthly savings from the lower interest rate to exceed the upfront cost of buying the points.
    • Provide a simple formula and tools that can help buyers perform this analysis.
  3. Tax Implications:
    • Discuss the potential tax deductibility of mortgage points as prepaid interest (subject to IRS rules and regulations).
    • Recommend that buyers consult with a tax advisor to understand how purchasing points might affect their tax situation.

When Mortgage Points Are Worth It

  1. Buyer’s Financial Situation:
    • Assess whether the buyer has enough upfront cash to purchase points without compromising other financial needs.
  2. Length of Homeownership:
    • Point out that the longer buyers plan to own the home, the more beneficial buying points can be due to cumulative savings over time.
  3. Market Interest Rates:
    • Explain how in a lower interest rate environment, buying points might not yield significant savings as opposed to higher rate periods.

Case Studies and Examples

  • Provide real-life scenarios where buying points has benefited other buyers.
  • Show contrasting cases where buying points did not offer substantial benefits due to short-term ownership or other factors.

FactSumo Application

  • Utilize FactSumo’s digital tools and simulations that allow buyers to interactively calculate the cost and benefits of buying mortgage points.
  • Highlight the immediate feedback and visual progress tracking that FactSumo offers, which can reinforce learning and understanding through practical application.


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